“A poem is a small (or large) machine made of words.”
— William Carlos Williams
A poetic form is halfway between a set of constraints and a set of instructions. Some of these constraints/instructions are formal (e.g., rhymes, number of syllables) and some are semantic (e.g., what the poem has to be “about”).
Poetry structure and examples:
- Sonnet (abab cdcd efef gg rhyme pattern; each line in iambic pentameter)Examples
- Haiku (in the common English adaptation of the Japanese tradition: poems of three lines, 5-7-5 syllables; semantically constrained) Examples
- Sestina (sets of six-line stanzas with interweaving rhyme patterns) Examples,Ashbery, Pound
- Limerick (Five line poem with aabba rhyme structure, strict metrical constraints) Baffling profusion of examples
- Lipogram (writing without one letter, or a set of letters) Example
- Pangram (piece of writing containing every letter) Wikipedia thoroughly catalogs the possibilities
- Acrostic (first letter of each line spells out a word)
- Mesostic (any letter in each line spells out a word) Mesostomatic
How do words mean when we put them into new contexts? Under what conditions does the meaning web tear apart? What meanings can words make (or can we make of them) when we disturb their normal relation to each other? These are questions that any poet can be seen as asking; and from this point of view, someone experimenting with computer poetry is continuing an age-old project.—Charles Hartman,Virtual Muse, p. 104.
Some computational literature
- Bot or Not Can you tell what is human written and bot written?
- Nick Montfort, Taroko Gorge (limited syntax, words as units, carefully curated choice of words)
- Adam Parrish, Next Semester (ITP-specific, parody, Markov chain)
- Code Poems
- Stribling, Krohn, Aguayo, SCIgen (context-free grammar, parody of genre)
- David Melnick, PCOET (non-algorithmic, but also non-semantic, plays on nature of writing)
- Charles Bernstein, 1-100 (algorithms, numbers, performance)
- Kyle Macdonald, Key Tweeter (code-based, graphical, recursive)
Some Twitter Bots:
- Lost Buoy – https://twitter.com/_LostBuoy_. Generative text generated from data coming from a buoy lost at sea.
- <a=href=”https://twitter.com/wikisext”>How to Sext. A bot that generates sexts from phrases scraped from wikihow.
- Angry Hermit Bot – A bot that just wants to be left alone
- Lots by Darius Kazemi